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ⓘ Ford Lectures




                                     

ⓘ Ford Lectures

Le Ford Lectures sono una prestigiosa serie di conferenze pubbliche tenute annualmente presso lUniversità di Oxford da un illustre storico sulla storia inglese o britannica. Conosciute comunemente come "The Ford Lectures", sono intitolate propriamente "Fords Lectures in British History" e sono tenute da uno studioso eletto "Fords Lecturer in British History" per un periodo di un anno presso lUniversità di Oxford. Il ciclo, che si tiene nel primo o nel secondo periodo dellanno accademico oxfordiano – chiamati rispettivamente Michaelmas term e Hilary term –, consiste di almeno sei conferenze, i cui atti sono poi solitamente pubblicati in un volume.

                                     

1. Storia del ciclo di conferenze

Le conferenze sono intitolate in onore del loro benefattore, James Ford nato a Canterbury Kent il 31 ottobre 1779 - morto a Navestock Essex, il 31 gennaio 1851, che si era formato al Kings School Canterbury e iscritto al Trinity College Oxford nel 1797. Diplomatosi nel 1801, conseguì successivamente le lauree di Master of Arts e Bachelor of Divinity. Fu membro fellow del Trinity College dal 1807 al 1830. Le sue collezioni antiquarie sono andate disperse, ma sopravvivono nei patrimoni della Biblioteca Bodleiana, della Biblioteca del Trinity College Oxford, della Biblioteca Britannica e della Biblioteca dellUniversità di Cambridge. Nel suo testamento, Ford lasciò numerosi lasciti, alcuni dei quali furono riuniti in un fondo per il sostegno dei suoi figli sopravvissuti. Dopo che quewsti ultimi furono tutti morti, lUniversità di Oxford ricevette un lascito di 2.000 sterline per finanziare una cattedra di storia inglese, che avrebbe dovuto essere istituita quando il capitale fosse cresciuto in maniera tale da coprire il pagamento di 100 sterline allanno. Quando questo obiettivo fu raggiunto nel 1894, la somma non era tuttavia sufficiente per il mantenimento di un professore allo stipendio attuale. Dopo varie discussioni allinterno dellUniversità, i fondi furono destinati a finanziare un ciclo di conferenze annuale sulla storia inglese da parte di un conferenziere che sarebbe stato scelto annualmente da una commissione di elettori. Il primo conferenziere Ford in storia inglese fu S. R. Gardiner, eletto per lanno accademico iniziato nel 1896. Nel 1994, lUniversità di Oxford cambiò formalmente il titolo ufficiale della serie da "Fords Lectures in English History" in "Fords Lectures in British History".

Poiché le conferenze si possono tenere o nel trimestre di Michaelmas o in quello di Hilary o in parte in entrambi, può sorgere confusione sulla pubblicazione perché può essere dichiarato luno o laltro anno di calendario. La lista seguente indica lanno accademico)

                                     

2.1. Conferenzieri Ford Fino al 1899

  • 1897-98 Frederic William Maitland, Township and borough
  • 1898-99 Adolphus William Ward, Great Britain and Hanover: some aspects of the personal union
  • 1896-97 S. R. Gardiner, Cromwells Place in History
  • 1899-00 James Hamilton Wylie, The Council of Constance to the death of John Hus
                                     

2.2. Conferenzieri Ford 1900-1949

  • 1904-05
  • 1915-16
  • 1919-20
  • 1939-40 James A. Williamson, The Ocean in English History
  • 1940-41
  • 1938-39 Eileen Power, The Wool Trade in English Medieval History
  • 1948-49 David Knowles, The episcopal colleagues of Archbishop Thomas Becket
  • 1911-12 Reginald L. Poole, The Exchequer in the Twelfth Century
  • 1912-13 T.F. Tout, The place of the reign of Edward II in English history
  • 1916-17 A. G. Little, Studies in English Franciscan History
  • 1907-08
  • 1902-03 Julian Corbett, England in the Mediterranean
  • 1925-26 H. W. Carless Davis, The age of Grey and Peel
  • 1941-42 V. H. Galbraith, Studies in the public records
  • 1905-06 Arthur L. Smith, The Church and State in the Middle Ages
  • 1944-45 Austin Lane Poole, Obligations of Society in the XII and XIII Centuries
  • 1914-15
  • 1920-21
  • 1943-44 Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond, Statesmen and Sea Power
  • 1933-34 Lewis Namier, King, Cabinet, and Parliament in the Early Years of George III
  • 1931-32
  • 1901-02 Charles Plummer, The life and times of Alfred the Great
  • 1906-07 Francis Haverfield, The Roman Occupation of Britain
  • 1917-18
  • 1946-47 T. F. L. Plucknett, Legislation of Edward I
  • 1909-10 George Edmundson, Anglo-Dutch rivalry during the first half of the 17th century
  • 1910-11 John William Fortescue, British Statesmen of the Great War, 1793–1814
  • 1921-22 Sir Richard Lodge, Great Britain and Prussia in the 18th century
  • 1918-19
  • 1900-01 Charles Firth, Cromwells army: a history of the English soldier during the Civil Wars, the Commonwealth and the Protectorate
  • 1935-36
  • 1924-25
  • 1934-35
  • 1913-14 Peter Hume Brown, The legislative union of England and Scotland
  • 1908-09 Arthur Johnson, The Disappearance of the Small Landowner
  • 1949-50
  • 1922-23 J. Armitage Robinson, The times of Saint Dunstan
  • 1937-38
  • 1923-24 C. L. Kingsford, Prejudice and promise in 15th century England
  • 1926-27 F. M. Powicke, Stephen Langton
  • 1928-29 F. M. Stenton, The First Century of English Feudalism, 1066–1166
  • 1927-28
  • 1947-48 Sir Charles Webster
  • 1903-04 Leslie Stephen, English literature and society in the 18th century
  • 1945-46 David Matthew, The Social Structure in Caroline England
  • 1932-33 A. Hamilton Thompson, The English clergy and their organization in the later Middle Ages
  • 1936-37
  • 1942-43 Wilhelm Levison, England and the Continent in the Eighth Century
  • 1930-31 Keith Feiling
  • 1929-30 Alfred Francis Pribram, England and the International Policy of the European Great Powers, 1871–1914


                                     

2.3. Conferenzieri Ford 1950-1999

  • 1968-69 Charles Wilson, Queen Elizabeth and the Revolt of the Netherlands
  • 1991-92 David Underdown, A Freeborn People: politics and the nation in seventeenth-century England
  • 1984-85 John Habakkuk, Marriage, debt, and the estates system: English landownership 1650-1950
  • 1973-74 John Gallagher, The Decline, Revival and Fall of the British Empire
  • 1988-89 Barbara Harvey, Living and dying in England 1140-1540, the monastic experience
  • 1972-73 Rodney Hilton, The English peasantry in the later Middle Ages
  • 1970-71 Michael Howard, The continental commitment: the dilemma of British defence policy in the era of the two world wars
  • 1958-59 Norman Sykes, From Sheldon to Secker: aspects of English church history, 1660–1768
  • 1956-57 Philip Grierson
  • 1952-53 K. B. McFarlane, The Nobility of Later Medieval England
  • 1996-97 Jose Harris, A land of lost content? Visions of civic virtue from Ruskin to Rawls
  • 1980-81 Owen Chadwick, Britain and the Vatican during the Second World War
  • 1957-58
  • 1999-00 Keith Thomas, The ends of life: roads to fulfilment in early modern England
  • 1965-66 J.H. Plumb The growth of political stability in England: 1675-1725
  • 1954-55 C.R. Cheney, From Becket to Langton: English church government 1170 - 1213
  • 1959-60 G. Kitson Clark, The making of Victorian England
  • 1995-96 James Campbell, Origins of the English state
  • 1992-93 P. H. Sawyer, Wealth in Anglo-Saxon England
  • 1993-94 F. M. L. Thompson, Gentrification and the Enterprise Culture: Britain 1780-1980
  • 1990-91 Lord Briggs, Culture and Communication in Victorian England
  • 1994-95 Paul Slack, From Reformation to improvement: public welfare in early modern England
  • 1986-87 Keith Robbins, Nineteenth-century Britain: England, Scotland and Wales: the making of a nation
  • 1969-70 J. M. Wallace-Hadrill, Early Germanic kingship in England and on the continent
  • 1966-67 Beryl Smalley, Intellectuals and Politics in the twelfth century
  • 1960-61 Sir Goronwy Edwards, The second century of the English Parliament
  • 1982-83 J. O. Prestwich, The Place of War in English History 1066–1214
  • 1963-64 Norman Gash, Reaction and reconstruction in English politics, 1832–1852
  • 1974-75 Joan Thirsk, Economic Policy, Economic Projects and Political Economy, 1540–1700
  • 1975-76 J. P. Kenyon, Revolution principles: the politics of party, 1689-1720
  • 1985-86 S. F. C. Milsom, Law and Society in the 12th and 13th centuries
  • 1979-80 Donald A. Bullough, Alcuin: Achievement and Reputation
  • 1953-54
  • 1998-99 T. C. Smout, Use and delight: environmental history in Northern England since 1600
  • 1976-77 G. W. S. Barrow, The Anglo-Norman era in Scottish history
  • 1950-51 G. N. Clark, King James I and Dutch "Imperialism" in Asia
  • 1989-90 Paul Langford, Public Life and Propertied Englishmen, 1689–1798
  • 1978-79 Patrick Collinson, The religion of Protestants: the church in English society, 1559–1625
  • 1964-65 E. M. Carus Wilson, The rise of the English woollen industry
  • 1955-56 A. J. P. Taylor, The Trouble Makers: Dissent over Foreign Policy, 1792–1939
  • 1967-68 Robert Blake, The Conservative Party from Peel to Churchill
  • 1971-72 G. R. Elton, Policy and Police: the enforcement of the Reformation in the age of Thomas Cromwell
  • 1951-52 Richard Pares, King George III and the politicians
  • 1983-84 Ian R. Christie, Stress and stability in late 18th-century Britain: reflections on the British avoidance of revolution
  • 1962-63 D. C. Douglas, William the Conqueror: the Norman impact upon England
  • 1981-82 J. J. Scarisbrick, Religious Attitudes in Reformation England
  • 1961-62 Christopher Hill, Intellectual Origins Of The English Revolution
  • 1997-98 R. R. Davies, The first English empire: power and identities in the British Isles, 1093–1343
  • 1987-88 Conrad Russell, The Causes of the English Civil War
  • 1977-78 F. S. L. Lyons, Culture and Anarchy in Ireland, 1890–1939
                                     

2.4. Conferenzieri Ford Dal 2000

  • 2007-08 Ross McKibbin, Parties People and the State: Politics in England c.1914-1951
  • 2008-09 John Brewer, The Politics of Feeling in the Age of Revolutions, 1760-1830
  • 2002-03 Quentin Skinner, Freedom, Representation, and Revolution, 1603–51
  • 2000-01 Christopher Dyer, An Age of Transition? Economy and Society in England in the Later Middle Ages
  • 2003-04 John Maddicott, The Origins of the English Parliament
  • 2015-16 Christine Carpenter
  • 2017–18 Alexandra Walsham, The Reformation of the Generations: Age, Ancestry, and Memory in England, c. 1500–1700
  • 2016–17 Stefan Collini, History in English Criticism, 1919–1961
  • 2009-10 David Bates, The Normans and Empire
  • 2010-11 Peter Lake, Bad Queen Bess? Libelous Politics and Secret Histories in an Age of Confessional Conflict
  • 2005-06 John Morrill, Living with Revolution
  • 2011-12 Roy Foster, Making a Revolution in Ireland, c.1890-1916
  • 2004-05 Marianne Elliott, Religion and Ireland
  • 2006-07 Robert Bartlett, The Learned Culture of Angevin England
  • 2012-13 John Blair, Building the Anglo-Saxon Landscape
  • 2001-02 Peter Clarke Britains image in the world in the twentieth century
  • 2018–19 Mark Bailey, After the Black Death: Society, economy and the law in fourteenth-century England